Litigation is a length process in the United States. Litigation stem from disputes between people, businesses, and even government entities. Civil lawsuits proceed through several key steps including pleadings, discovery, trial and potentially an appeal. However, either side can stop this process by voluntarily reaching a settlement at any time.
At the beginning of the litigation process, each party involved files papers which detail each party’s side of the dispute. During this time, the attorney investigates the factual basis of the claim.
The second step of the litigation process is called discovery. Discovery allows both sides to send written questions to either side that must be answered under oath. It also allows for oral questions upon examination. It also allows the parties involved to subpoena third parties who are not part of the lawsuit to obtain testimony.
The third phase is the motions stage. During this step, parties bring forward motions, with the hopes of having the case dismissed or the issues at hand narrowed to a certain definition. They can also file a motion to obtain discovery that was not previously allowed.
The final phase is the trial and any appeals that may come from it. During this phase, the parties involved present their case before a judge or jury through live testimony and submission of exhibits. After hearing the evidence, the jury renders a verdict. Following the decision an appeal can be filed, which may take between a year and two years.
Karl Heideck is an expert in litigation and an attorney based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He has experience in legal writing, commercial litigation, legal research and employment law. He has been practicing for more than 10 years.
Karl Heideck has first hand experience filing complaints on behalf of clients and the rest of the litigation process. Karl Heideck takes legal action against people and organizations, but will also defend them when legal action is brought up against them.
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